Ancient Ones: Plants That Have Seen It All

This is the list of ceremonial species indigenous to both the British Isles and the North Temperate Zone. Because my interest in plants with ritual applications designed the parameters of my study, plants with different uses have not been included. There are, without question, many others that, sadly, have been forgotten down through the ages. All of the species listed below are listed in The Compendium for Spirit Handling published on my website. The Compendium is alphabetized by the Latin names in parenthesis.

ALGAE
Fucus
Halosaccion
Laminaria
Trentopolia

MOSS
Aulacomnium
Barbula
Bazzania (Liverwort)
Bryum
Conocephalum (Liverwort)
Huperzia
Lycopodium
Mnium
Octoblephorum
Plagiomnium
Polystichum
Ramalina
Sphagnum

FUNGI
Amanita Muscari
Boletus
Lycoperdon
Peziza
Psilocybin

LICHEN
Alectoria
Candelaria
Cladonia
Cornicularia
Evernia
Letharia
Parmelia
Peltigera
Stricta
Usnea
Xanthoria

FERNS & ORCHIDS
Asplenium
Athyrium filix-femina
Blechnum spicant
Botrychium lunaria
Cystopteria fragilis
Dryopteris species
Gymnocarpium
Liparis
Onoclea
Orchis
Pteridium
Thelypteris
Woodsia

AQUATIC & MARGIN PLANTS
Alisma Plantago-aquatica (perennial in mud by fresh water)
Andromeda polifolia (shrub in acidic bogs)
Caltha palustris (wet alkaline meadows, fens, wet woods, by rivers, etc.)
Catabrosa aquatica (in water or swamps)
Drosera (carnivorous, margins of acidic bogs)
Equisetum hyemala (alkaline fens)
Geum rivale (alkaline wet meadows, marshes, moist woods)
Juncus (acidic moors and bogs)
Lemna (slightly submerged in fresh or brackish water)
Lessoniopsis (kelp)
Ludwigia (aquatic herb creeping on mud or floating in water)
Lycopus (perennial on stream banks in fens)
Menyanthes (wet bogs, fens, ponds)
Myrica (shrub in bogs, wet heaths, fens)
Myriophylum species (submerged aquatic herbs from acidic peaty water, brackish water, even alkaline fresh water)
Nuphar (acidic lakes)
Phyllospadix (surf grass)
Pinguicula (carnivorous, in bogs, fens, wet rocks)
Porphyra (seaweed)
Postelsia (seaweed)
Potamogeton (pondweed)
Salicornia (salt marshes)
Scirpus maritimus (tidal river banks, brackish ponds, ditches)
Scirpus lacustris (fresh water, margins of fresh rivers and lakes)
Scrophularia aquatica (fresh water marshes)
Sonchus palustris reed swamps by tidal rivers, ditches, fens)
Sparganium (fresh water fens, bogs, lakes, pools)
Spirogyra (fresh water)
Stellaria palustris (fens and alkaline marshes)
Typha (slow moving freshwater to ditches near salt water)

TREES & SHRUBS
Acer
Alnus
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Betula
Corylus
Cornus
Crataegus
Empetrum
Fraxinus
Ilex
Juniperus
Malus
Pinus
Populus
Prunus
Quercus
Ribes
Rosa
Rubus
Salix
Sambucus
Sorbus
Taxus
Tilia
Ulmus
Vaccinium
Viburnum

GRASSES & SEDGES
Bromus
Carex
Draba
Festuca
Hippuris
Hordeum
Phalaris (grows in marshes)
Phleum
Phragmites (marsh aquatic)
Poa

ANNUALS, BIENNIALS, & PERENNIALS
Antennaria dioica
Astragalus alpinum
Atriplex species
Calystegia
Campanula rotundifolia
Capsella bursa-pastoris
Cardamine pratensis
Chaerophyllum temulentum
Chenopodium species
Circaea species
Datura stramonium
Daucus carota
Descurania sophia
Epilobium species
Fragaria vesca
Fumaria officinalis
Gentiana species
Gentianella species
Geranium species
Gnaphalium species
Goodyera repens
Heracleum species
Hieracium species
Humulus lupulus
Hypericum species
Lactuca species
Lathyrus species
Lepidium species
Linaria species
Lithospermum species
Lobelia species
Luzula species
Melampyrum species
Moneses species
Monotropa species
Orobanche species
Oxytropis species
Plantago species
Polygonum species
Potentilla species
Pyrola species
Ranunculus species
Rumex species
Salvia species
Saussurea species
Saxifraga species
Scrophularia nodosa
Scutellaria species
Sedum species
Senecio species
Silene species
Sisyrinchium species
Solanum species
Sonchus species
Stachys species
Stellaria species
Thlaspi species
Trifolium species
Verbena species
Veronica species
Vicia species
Viola species
Viscum species




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