10. Protein

It would appear at the moment that after an 85 million year journey our evolutionary quest came down to protein. And we are still on the move, now faced with an imperiled planet driven by our need for it. It has led to unimaginable cruelty against animals, acute starvation as a result of privatizing the … Continue Reading

9. Food and Sacred Cycles

There is no doubt about it, from Lammas until the snow fell was a busy time for hunter gatherers. But it had really started in early spring when the first young leaves, shoots, and fiddleheads had popped up with the first spring thaw.  Patches of snow were still holding on in shady places when people … Continue Reading

8. The Heart of the Matter: Paleo Diets

We have now taken a brief journey that began 65 million years ago. And we have learned many things. Our evolution was long and difficult; it is hard to imagine the challenges that we faced. But face them we did by evolving bodies that allowed us to walk and brains that allowed us to think, … Continue Reading

7. The Mesolithic Era of Northwest Europe

As many of you know I have given my heart to the Mesolithic Era of the British Isles and have spent decades envisioning what life was like then. I believe that we peaked as a species, biologically and spiritually, and have been on the decline to extinction ever since. Nothing that surrounds me today would … Continue Reading

6. The Upper Paleolithic

The Upper Paleolithic is marked by numerous achievements that began about 50,000 years ago, ending with the last Stone Age hurrah with the Mesolithic. Our species had been around for about 150,000 years by then. We looked a bit different in the early years but left a tremendous legacy of artifacts and cultures. The marked … Continue Reading

5. The Middle Paleolithic

The Middle Paleolithic Era began about 300,000 years ago and ended approximately 30,000 years ago. It should always be remembered that there can be vast dating differences that vary from region to region. Nevertheless our ancestors are beginning to appear more familiar and behave in recognizably more modern ways. The Middle Paleolithic was Neanderthal’s time. … Continue Reading

4. The Lower Paleolithic

The Lower Paleolithic marks that place on the geological timeline when the genus Homo is thought to have emerged 2.4 million years ago with an individual named Homo habilis. Although H. habilis was probably little more than a scavenger he effectively managed the Olduwan tools handed down to him by his great ape relatives. And … Continue Reading

3. The Paleolithic Era

After more than 85 million years of evolution, we, or something more like us, has finally arrived. But we are far from done.  The Paleolithic era began about 2.6 to 2.4 million years ago and ended about 10,000 years ago, followed by the brief apex of the Mesolithic. It is divided into three sub eras: … Continue Reading

2. Some of Our Oldest Relatives

Like it or not, the chimpanzee is our closest living relative, responsible for 94% of our DNA. It belongs to the genus Pan that has only two members: Chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) and Bonobo (Pan paniscus). The genus Pan diverged from the human branch 4 to 6 million years ago. Both genus, Pan and Homo have … Continue Reading

1. Climate Change and the Big Giant Head

Today, we are learning firsthand the impact of climate change on life. It can trigger both mass extinction and evolution depending on a species ability to adapt to it. Climate change millions of years ago in East Africa is now thought to have been responsible for the evolutionary strides made by our distant ancestors. Then, … Continue Reading

Introduction: Sacred First Foods

When a group of people would move into a previously unexplored region one of the most immediate things they had to do is to find food. Chances are every plant and animal would be unfamiliar to them. But when the discovery was made of something edible, likely a plant, it was referred to as a … Continue Reading