Prosperity and Abundance

Money in the 21st century is our primary means of exchange. We work really hard to acquire it for just about everything: home, warmth and light; transportation; food and water; medicine and medical care; clothing; education; and countless other things. We trade money for essential goods and services, for comfort, for good times. And when it goes wanting, we genuinely suffer. It is a system in which we are stuck even if we cultivate the many skills needed to live without it.

When I classified the indigenous ritual species of the British Isles I discovered subtle differences between the characteristics of the plants and divided them between the properties of Providential and Plenitudinal. Here is how I defined the two categories:

Providential: Plants referred to as Providential are believed to promote prosperity thus providing for future needs. These are further characterized by foresight, perhaps a result of divination or predilection decreed by the spirit world.

Plenitudinal: Plenitudinal refers to fulfillment, completeness and abundance, which includes fertility of the Earth not necessarily just conception. Shamanic hunter-gatherers regard the extremes of greed and avarice as aberrant.

Some species provide both properties while others offer only one or the other. I also noticed that it was essential to know the right plant component such as its herb (leaves or fronds), flower, seed, stem, root, etc. This is overlooked so frequently it’s any wonder things don’t work out for us. Plant components can be burned as smudge, added to water and simmered for the steam, wrapped in a medicine bundle, placed in a medicine bag and carried, and even tied to a prayer stick.

Plenitudinal species number about 200 while Providential species just a few more than 50. I will provide a sampling of both properties here and the entire list can be found in the blog on my website entitled Thou Nature Art My Goddess. The Compendium for Spirit Handling includes over 400 ritual species that are further categorized by as many as 30 properties including Providential and Plenitudinal. Some of you might want to grow a garden of ritual species but don’t quite know how to get started. I have another blog called Companion Plants: Biodiverse Container Gardens that provides dozens of easy lessons. My blog, Spirit Gardens, provides species lists that include all thirty ritual properties and some basic habitat information for each garden.


Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (bearberry) herb
Artemisia absinthium (wormwood) herb
Betula (birch) wood
Cornus (dogwood) herb
Lonicera (honeysuckle) herb
Pinus (pine) herb
Rhododendron (rhododendron) herb
Stachys (betony) herb
Typha (reedmace) herb
Rumex (dock, sorrel) seed
Ulex (gorse) flower and seed
Corylus (hazelnut) nut
Fraxinus (ash) seedpod
Juniperus (juniper) herb
Trifolium (clover) herb
Angelica (angelica) root and herb
Equisetum (horsetail) root and stem
Fragaria (strawberry) herb
Matricaria (German chamomile) herb
Origanum (oregano, marjoram) herb
Lactuca (lettuce) root
Rosa (rose) herb


Crataegus (hawthorn) fruit, bark, and root
Ilex (holly) fruit
Pyrola (wintergreen) herb
Quercus (oak) ash and bark
Rubus (raspberry, blackberry) herb
Salix (willow) herb, twig, and root
Viola (violet) herb
Mentha (mint) herb
Achillea (yarrow) root
Acer (maple) bark
Alnus (alder) bark and root
Fagus (beech) nut
Populus (poplar) bud
Prunus (cherry, blackthorn) herb and root
Ribes (currant) herb
Sambucus (elder) herb
Taxus (yew) bark, twig, and wood
Tilia (linden) bark and flower
Ulmus (elm) bark and herb
Nasturtium (watercress) herb
Cichorium (chicory) root
Daucus (wild carrot, Queen Anne’s lace) root and seed
Hordeum (barley) seed
Nepeta (catnip, catmint) herb and flower
Tanacetum (tansy) herb
Foeniculum (fennel) seed and herb
Iris (iris) root
Marrubium (horehound) herb
Raphanus (radish) root
Taraxacum (dandelion) root and herb
Thymus (thyme) herb

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